Type 1 Diabetes


“Insulin is not a cure for diabetes; it is a treatment. It enables the diabetic to burn sufficient carbohydrates, so that proteins and fats may be added to the diet in sufficient quantities to provide energy for the economic burdens of life.” 
― Frederick Grant Banting

What is type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes and there is no known cause for the disease. A type 1 diabetic is usually diagnosed as a child or before the age of 20. It is however possible for an adult to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. With type 1 diabetes the pancreas stops producing the hormone insulin and injections are required. There is currently no cure for type 1 diabetes.

What causes type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells that produce insulin. There is no known cause for type 1 diabetes, but researchers believe that both genetics and environmental triggers play a big part in the development of type 1 diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

  • Frequent urination (in large quantities)
  • Excessive thirst
  • Fatigue (weak and tired)
  • Dehydration
  • Extreme hunger
  • Irritability and mood changes
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent infections of the skin
  • Recurring skin, gum or urinary tract infections
  • Itching of skin and/or genital areas
  • Drowsiness
  • Slow healing of cuts and bruises
  • Tingling or numbness in the legs, feet or fingers
  • Nausea, vomiting or stomach pains may accompany some of the symptoms in the abrupt onset of insulin-dependent diabetes and must receive immediate medical attention.
These symptoms are caused by high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).
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