Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Basics
“I thought having a chronic illness would make my life detour in ways I didn’t want to accept, but I’ve learnt that have a chronic illness made the only detours that are worth the growth.”
― Nikki Rowe

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes. The pancreas either does not create enough insulin, or the person’s body does not appropriately use the insulin it makes. When you have type 2 diabetes, sugar builds up in your bloodstream instead of being used for energy. Many factors can increase the chances of getting type 2 diabetes, such as: family history, high blood pressure, a sedentary lifestyle, being overweight or having high cholesterol. Race can also increase the chances of having type 2 diabetes: Aboriginal, Hispanic, African, Asian or South Asian are populations that generally have a higher risk.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Some factors that can contribute to the onset of type 2 diabetes are:

  • Being overweight
  • Family history
  • Being a member of a high-risk ethnic group such as First Nations, Inuit, Latin American, Asian, Pacific Islander or African American
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Not exercising

What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

A type 1 one diabetic relies completely on insulin therapy and diet and there is currently no cure. Type 2 diabetics can either control blood sugars through medication, diet and exercise, and occasionally it can require insulin therapy as well. Type 2 can be treated in many ways or with a combination of these treatments mentioned above. Type 2 is sometimes preventable; the best way to prevent diabetes is to exercise regularly and maintain a body weight that is appropriate for your height. However, some people have such a strong genetic disposition to type 2 diabetes or to obesity that weight loss and exercise simply cannot prevent the disease.

What is pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is sometimes diagnosed prior to being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes does not require medication and when diagnosed the chance of it developing into type 2 diabetes can be dramatically decreased by taking immediate action. Blood sugar levels can be reduced by making some simple lifestyle changes, such as including exercise in your daily activities and choosing to make healthy, low-fat meal choices.
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